There are many risks involved with mining and therefore, there are many regulations that are set in place to manage risks and mitigate them. There are also health and safety laws for workers that are required to be kept up by the companies to ensure that the risk of injuries are minimised and in the event of an injury, the worker is compensated.
Risk management of mining is provided by certain companies such as Mine Civil IT GSE that specialise in the testing of ground support equipment. There should be proper risk management in place so that all potential hazards are identified in the beginning through thorough research and observation. These hazards should then be assessed in order to understand how likely they can occur in the specific mine and there should be procedures and solutions provided to control these risks. There are mine operators who constantly supervise the workers at the mine and their level of fatigue. There are also certain risks when it comes to the intoxication of workers so this is something that will be checked before they enter the mine.
The principal mining hazards will be identified at the beginning which are hazards that pose a considerable risk to the workers and anybody who is authorised to be at the site. The responsibilities of the mine operators include preparation of a plan to control these principal mining hazards. There is a lot of planning involved and the methods used should be discussed in depth to assess their effectiveness. The documentation that includes such preparation should include risk assessment of the hazard, the nature of the mining hazard, methods that were used to find out the most effective control measures, a descriptive record of all control measures to be used and how this information is to be conveyed to the workers. In addition to informing the workers, they should be given proper training related to the hazards that they are facing.
Some of the principal mining hazards that are commonly seen are ground failure, air quality, explosions, spontaneous combustion, issues related to roads and mine shafts. There should be a management plan for each principal hazard. When the mining operation is small, the management plans will not be as comprehensive but all control measures should be taken to ensure the safety of the workers. The risks in micro operations are fewer when compared to large scale mining operations. The main objective of the security protocols in place is the safety of the workers. The secondary concerns are selecting the right equipment that can withstand the specific mining conditions, maintaining environmental regulations, preventing theft of raw materials and equipment etc. There are also potential ramifications to be considered when working in countries with an unstable political climate. The conditions associated with mining are harsh and therefore the security systems in place should be able to withstand conditions of dust, low light, humidity, extreme temperatures and fog. So all equipment to be used in the mine should be tested and certified.